Lanzhou’s top industries: Textile mills, Machinery, nuclear power industry
Lanzhou is an industrial city of about three million people. It is located on the shores of the Yellow River and was a major stop on the Silk Road, where it was known as the Golden City. From the 5th to the 11th century the city was a major seat of Buddhist learning, and it acquired its present name during Qing Dynasty in 1656. Until 19th century, Lanzhou was the primary point in crossing the Yellow River via a bridge made by chaining a flotilla of boats together with a road on top to cross on.
Main industries include textile mills, rubber processing and fertilizer plants, an oil refinery, petrochemicals, machinery, and metallurgical industry. Gansu has one of the largest oil refineries in the country and Lanzhou itself is the center of the province’s petrochemical industry. Lanzhou has a large refinery linked to the fields at Yumen by pipeline. It also manufactures equipment for the oil industry. Lanzhou has a large textile industry, particularly noted for the production of woolen and leather goods. In addition, Lanzhou produces locomotives and rolling stock for the northwestern railways, as well as machine tools and mining equipment. aluminum products, industrial chemicals, and fertilizers are produced on a large scale, and there is a large rubber industry. Copper is mined in nearby Gaolan.
In addition, Lanzhou has been one of the centers of China’s national nuclear power industry since the 1960s.
Famous People and Education in Lanzhou: Zhu Jun, Shui Junyi, Pan Shiqian
Some famous Chinese hosts are from Lanzhou, such as Zhu Jun, Shui Junyi and so on. The well-known real estate manager Pan Shiqian is also born in Lanzhou.
The city is the seat of Lanzhou University, founded in 1909. The National Minorities Institute at Lanzhou and a number of scientific institutes are also located there. In particular, Northwest Normal University has been the key university at the provincial level, which has prepared over 100,000 teachers in schools across the province Gansu.
City Life and Bars in Lanzhou: Mazilu, UBS Coffee House
Lanzhou is famous for its beef noodle soup (Lanzhou niurou lamian). The noodles are always hand made, and the broth served hot and spicy with as much beef as you care to pay for. Famous restaurants include Mazilu, UBS Coffee House. And the Huanghe Beer and Wuquanshan Beer are the typical beer in Lanzhou. They are well worth a try.