Maps & Infographics
Learn more on the Chinese market by browsing our different maps and infographics
China’s national quarterly disposable income per capita in the first quarter of 2023 increased by 5.1% to 10,870 yuan, with urban residents earning 14,388 yuan (4.0% yoy increase) and rural residents earning 6,131 yuan (6.1% yoy increase). In terms of consumer spending, the largest portion of expenditure in the first quarter of 2023 was on food, tobacco, and alcohol, accounting for 31.6% of per capita consumption expenditure. This represented a 2.1% increase compared to the previous year.
In 2022, China’s population experienced its first decline in 61 years, with a negative growth rate of -0.6%. Only two provinces in the Western region, Guizhou and Qinghai, had a birth rate exceeding 10%. Whilst economically less developed areas generally had higher birth rates, Guangdong province, which ranked among the top 10 in terms of GDP nationwide, had the highest number of births due to an influx of young people from outside the province.
5.20 originated from a song by Fan Xiaoxuan, and with the influence of Internet culture, 5.20 and 5.21 have become a popular and unique Valentine’s Day in China, especially among the younger generation. Brands often release limited edition packages to cater to couples celebrating this festival, taking regional trends and dialects into consideration.
China is the largest producer and consumer of chili peppers, with an annual output value exceeding 70 billion yuan. Provinces like Hunan, Guizhou, Jiangxi, Hubei, and Sichuan are known for their spicy cuisine, with Guizhou featuring a pickling spicy flavor and Sichuan emphasizing a numb and spicy sensation in their dishes.
China’s 2022 Land Greening Status Bulletin showed successful afforestation efforts, resulting in a 24% forest coverage rate with 231 million hectares of forest. Provinces in the Southeast and northeast had the highest forest cover due to favorable environmental conditions.
The provincial flowers are chosen based on their prevalence in this region and its ability to represent the qualities and image of the provincial capital city. For instance, Beijing’s provincial flower is the Moonflower which has a long history of cultivation and culture in China. Meanwhile, both Chongqing and Yunnan province have chosen Camellia as their provincial flower which enjoys a symbolic significance in the country.
China has 318 5A-rated scenic spots, with Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces having the highest number at 25 and 20 respectively. These provinces have geographical, historical and economic advantages that contribute to their high number of top-rated scenic areas.
Most of the provinces with high materialized foreign direct investment are located close to the eastern coast of China and have a higher base of industrial efficiency than inland areas. Jiangsu province received the most materialized foreign direct investment in 2022 with dominant industries including electronic information, textile and pharmaceutical industry.
The Ministry of Commerce’s latest data showed that China’s materialized foreign investment in 2022 reached US$189.131 billion in 2022. The eastern region of China, which comprises cities such as Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Shandong, Guangdong, and Hainan, remains the primary area for foreign investment absorption, accounting for 84.4% of the country’s FDI.
China’s GDP in 2022 increased by 3% to reach RMB 121 trillion (US $17.6 trillion), maintaining its position as the second largest economy globally. Guangdong province remained the top-performing region for the 34th year. Meanwhile, Fujian province experienced growth in high-tech, manufacturing, tourism, and clean energy industries.
China is a global leader in wind power generation, with a cumulative installed capacity of over 300 million kWh by the end of 2021 and an impressive average utilization rate of 96.9% in 2021. Inner Mongolia benefits from vast land plains and plateaus, which allow for unobstructed airflow, making it an ideal location for wind power generation.
A collaboration between the National Bureau of Statistics and CCTV resulted in a survey of China’s top ten happiest cities based on the citizens’ happiness index. These cities offer ample university education resources, affordable housing, and decent pensions, making them ideal for young people, middle-aged citizens, and the elderly. Chengdu was the most searched city during the 2022 college entrance examination due to its excellent education resources and cost-effectiveness, cultural diversity, and scenic nature.
According to the “National Comprehensive Three-dimensional Transportation Network Planning Outline”, there are 7 cities in the first echelon, which belong to international hubs: Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Chengdu, and Chongqing. Besides, nine provinces have over 2,000 km of high-speed rail, led by Guangdong, Anhui, and Shandong. Despite supply chain issues and geopolitical tensions, China’s container throughput at national ports increased by 4.7% year-on-year in 2022.
Luxury brands are using pop-up stores in China to experiment with new geographic locations, target consumer groups, and product categories. From January to August 2022, 235 new luxury pop-up stores were opened in China, with 52% in non-Tier 1 cities. The apparel category had the highest number of stores, followed by jewelry and watches.
The average price-to-income ratio of housing in 70 major Chinese cities was 9.1 in 2022, according to the National Bureau of Statistics of China. The top 10 Chinese cities with the highest price-to-income ratio are mostly located in the coastal regions and classified as tier-1 and new-tier-1 cities, except for Sanya, a tier-3 city known for its upscale beach resorts. The high demand, limited land supply, government policies, and income inequality contribute to the higher price-to-income ratio in these cities compared to others.
Pet ownership in China is growing as people seek companionship and stress relief. The top 10 provinces for pet ownership are located in the southeast region of China, where the high-net-worth population resides. Residents in Tier-1 and new tier-1 cities prefer cats due to their low-maintenance nature, while those in tier-2 or tier-3 cities tend to have more time for dogs.
About half of the popular destinations coincided with most of the provinces with a higher number of diaspora workers such as Henan, Anhui, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Shandong, and Jiangsu. The residents who work in other provinces took the opportunity of the long holiday break to return home and celebrate the first CNY free from COVID-19 restrictions.
Achieving the peak of carbon neutrality is an inherent goal in China. Between 2005 and 2019, many provinces in China significantly decreased their carbon emission. This map showcases the top ten best-performing provinces in China that have reduced their carbon emissions.
In recent years, the electric vehicles (EVs) industry in China has grown to become a global leader. EVs are sure to become more widespread among consumers, but their success relies on the availability of EV infrastructure. This map displays the number of EV charging stations by provinces in mainland China, indicating which regions in China are ready for the large-scale adoption of EVs.
China is the largest e-commerce market in the world, generating almost half of the world’s transactions. In 2020, the total transaction volume of e-commerce in China reached RMB 11.92 trillion. The top platforms in China’s e-commerce market include Alibaba’s Taobao and Tmall (50.8% of market share), JD (15.9%), followed by Pinduoduo (13.2%), which has recently overtaken its competitors and become the third-largest platform. This map reveals the top provinces in Mainland China of e-commerce transaction value, with Guangdong and Zhejiang ranking at the top in 2020.
Today, China is one of the world’s largest investors and adopters of digital technologies. The country has 42% of global e-commerce and transacts 11 times more mobile payments than the United States. Over the years, the Chinese government has enabled digitization by continuing to be a major investor in, and consumer of, digital technologies. This map exhibits the top provinces in mainland China of value added from digitization that has increased both productivity and efficiency in traditional industries.
Baidu autofill is based on top searched results on Baidu. Find out about the opinions of Chinese netizens about each province, autonomous region, and municipality in Mainland China. Many perceptions are positive, others are well-known, and some are downright unusual, but they all reflect each region’s unique culture.
Tea is one of the quintessential cultures of China, with its history being as long as the country itself. A beverage to quench thirst, tea in China embodies the spirit of clearness, respect, joy, and truthfulness. The main varieties of Chinese tea are categorised as green tea, black tea, yellow tea, and Oolong tea.
With over 30 provinces in China and 8 major culinary cuisines, food is one of the most imperative elements of Chinese culture. From Anhui, Cantonese, Fujian, and Hunan, to Jiangsu, Shandong, Szechuan, and Zhejiang. Above maps shows the top local food and beverage chains in China and popular Chinese dishes by provinces.
- The second largest of the Chinese provinces.
- One of the country’s major provinces in terms of population, resources, economic development, and technological advancement.
- A major production area for lithium-ion batteries.
- The home to more than 30% of the world’s giant pandas
- Completely integrated industrial sectors producing high-quality machinery, electronics, metallurgical products, chemicals, building materials, foodstuffs, and silk.
- Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport, it is the fourth-largest airport in China. It’s a modern airport with all the facilities and functions.
- The heart and nerve centre, the Sichuan Basin area, also called the Red Basin (Hongpen), from economic, political, geographical, and historical points of view. Some consider this region to be China in a microcosm, and often as a country within the country.
- One of the most diversified ranges of ethnic groups in all of China, including Han (Chinese), Yi (Lolo), Tibetans, Miao (Hmong), Tujia, Hui (Chinese Muslims), and Qiang.
- the third most populated province in China, after Guangdong and Shandong
- a major wheat and cotton-producing province
- a province with a growing variety of heavy industries, such as chemical works and tractor plants, and light industries, such as the production of textiles, appliances, and electronic equipment.
- an important junction in China’s railway system. Zhengzhou is at the junction of China’s two greatest trunk railways, the line running from Beijing to Guangzhou and the Longhai line, which runs from the east coast to Xinjiang, in the far northwest.
- hydroelectric power from the Sanmen project supply burgeoning industries in Zhengzhou, Luoyang, and Kaifeng
- been deluged by unusually slow-moving rain storms the past week, displacing hundreds of thousands of people and causing 1.22 billion yuan (about $190 million) of economic damage.
- One of the smallest province-level political units of China, but it is also one of the most densely populated and affluent.
- One of the leading provinces in China in terms of farm productivity.
- A leader in tea production and fishing.
- The “double eight strategy” that identifies Zhejiang’s eight strengths in terms of economic structure, geological position, coordinated development of urban and rural areas, ecology, mountain and ocean resources, environment, and culture.
- 22 national-level economic development zones.
- 8 airports including Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport which is one of China’s 12 main airports.
- China’s pivotal cultural and religious center
- one of the richest provinces in China
- the second-largest consumer market (in terms of retail sales) after Guangdong. Retail sales of consumer goods reached RMB 3,577.1 billion in 2019 (8.7% of China’s total)
- a well-developed rail network system comprising the Beijing-Shanghai Railway, and the Beijing-Kowloon Railway
- 8 civil airports and seven seaports, including Qingdao Port
- major exports comprising machinery, electronics, textiles, garments, chemical products, plastics and related products, base metals, and related products
- an important IT manufacturing base in China that focuses on the development of new and high technology products
- partnering with Singapore through the China-Singapore Suzhou Industrial Park (SIP) and Singapore-Nanjing Eco Hi-Tech Island (SNEHTI) project. Singapore companies continued to show strong interest in Jiangsu province, with 10 commercial projects signed at the 14th Singapore-Jiangsu Cooperation Council (SJCC) meeting (2020)
- the volume of the digital economy reached four trillion RMB, accounting for over 40 percent of the province’s GDP (2019)
- the export value of electronic products amounted to 1,796 billion RMB (or 66 percent of total export value). Major export markets included the United States, Japan, and South Korea (2019)
- It’s GDP increased by 3.7 percent to reach 10.27 trillion RMB in 2020 despite the COVID-19 pandemic
- The most populous province of China and the 15th-largest by area (179,800 km²)
- The province with the largest economy in China
- The world’s 4th largest sub-national economy with a GDP of 10.77 trillion RMB (2019)
- The Pearl River Delta Economic Zone, a Chinese megalopolis, is a core for high technology, manufacturing, and foreign trade
- 14 enterprises from Guangdong got in Fortune Global 500: Ping An Insurance of China, Huawei Investment, Zhengwei International, China Southern Power Grid, Country Garden, etc. (2020)
- 71 enterprises from Guangdong were in the Top 500 Enterprises of China (2020)