Being the sixth-leading wine consumer in the world, China’s wine culture is dated back centuries ago. The country has been producing wine since the Han dynasty (206 BC–220 AD) and is the largest grape producer. Indeed, it contributes to nearly half of the world’s grape production thanks to its immense territory and favorable climates. A great diversity of grape varieties can be found in the country, with each region’s grapes having their own specificities. These interesting agricultural characteristics combined with the development of the wine-consuming market in China thus resulted in Chinese wines being increasingly recognizable and attracting attention from all around the world.